$1000 US Dollar Bill

Brief History

To help fund the Revolutionary War, the Continental Congress started to issue paper money of different denominations, including the $1,000 bill. According to Mattew Wittmann, an assistant conservator at the American Numismatic Society. An organization that researchers coins and currency. Despite its large denomination, the value of the $1,000 would only amount to around $20 in real money.

An economics professor at the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), Lee Ohanian, explains that the note was used to procure wartime supplies like ammunition.

Decades after the war, large-denomination bills like the $1,000 notes were mainly utilized for real estate or interbank transactions. 

Illegal Schemes

In 1946, the United States stopped producing the $1,000 and other large denomination bills. However, they were still in circulation until 1969 when the Federal Reserve recalled them. Then-President Richard Nixon thought that the larger bills would make it easier for illegitimate activities to be done, like money laundering. 

Another reason for its demise is that producing the $1,000 was not very cost-effective. New engraving plates would be needed to print the bills, and the bills were not being mass-produced either. Producing $1 bills were seen as more cost-effective than printing a handful of $1,000 bills.


Even Though the $1,000 and other higher denomination bills were officially discontinued on July 14, 1969, by the Federal Reserve, they are still considered legal tender in the United States.

Large-denomination bills that the Federal Reserve destroyed to avoid them being taken back into circulation to the public. However, according to the Reserve’s records, there are still 165,372 $1,000 still in public possession. These bills are considered rare, and collectors are willing to pay more than its face value just to have it.

Higher denomination bills are not making a comeback anytime soon. Although banks and the federal government historically used them for larger transactions, recent technological advances such as electronic money systems have already made it possible for large-scale transactions to happen without having physical money.